Most power tools may be classified as drilling, cutting, or shaping tools,
although a few special purpose power tools are classified as impact tools.
- Drill Presses are stationary tools that are commonly used in wood
and metal shops for drilling vertical holes in dense, solid materials.
- Power Drills, which are available both as corded drills and
cordless drills, are used to
make holes of specified diameters in a wide variety of materials.
- Rotary Tools are small,
handheld devices that are used for detailed drilling, grinding, shaping,
and polishing at high speeds.
Drilling a Hole in Drywall with a Power Drill
- Radial Arm Saws are stationary tools that can crosscut wide boards
and make bevel cuts.
- Table Saws are designed to
make cross cuts and rip cuts by means of a round, motorized blade that
protrudes through a slot in a level table.
- Band Saws are stationary woodworking shop tools that can be used
for a variety of cuts, including straight rip and cross cuts as well
as curves and angles.
- Miter Saws, also known as chop saws, are designed to make angled,
or mitered, crosscuts.
- Reciprocating Saws are high-power electric jigsaws that, depending
on the saw blade, can be used to cut through most types of materials.
- Circular Saws are portable tools that are used to cut framing
lumber, plywood, and other sheet goods.
- Jig Saws, also known as saber saws, are handheld electric saws
that can make straight, curved, and angle cuts with a reciprocating
or an orbital movement.
- Scroll Saws are high-speed, powered coping saws that can be used
for detail work on a variety of materials.
Shaping and Sanding Tools
- Wood Lathes are turning tools that rotate a piece of material
where it can be shaped into a rounded form.
- Routers are versatile power tools that are used to cut edges,
grooves, and slots.
- Jointers are large, stationary tools that are used to make the
face or edge of a board straight and true.
- Benchtop Sanders are stationary sanding tools that are commonly
used for shaping work.
- Belt Sanders are portable, aggressing sanding machines that are
used for coarse surfacing and shaping work.
- Orbital Sanders are the simplest and safest form of power sander,
and are frequently used for finish sanding.
- Bench Grinders are designed for stationary grinding, buffing, and
polishing when securely attached to a workbench or tool stand.
- Power Nailers are used to drive nails or staples quickly and
- Hammer Drills are handheld drills that are typically used for
drilling into masonry.
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Power Tool Glossary - Power Tools Defined